Artificial Intelligence, Machine and Deep Learning

Machine learning is the subfield of computer science that gives computers the ability to learn without being explicitly programmed.
Evolved from the study of pattern recognition and computational learning theory in artificial intelligence, machine learning explores the study and construction of algorithms that can learn from and make predictions on data - such algorithms overcome following strictly static program instructions by making data driven predictions or decisions, through building a model from sample inputs.

 

Within the field of data analytics, machine learning is a method used to devise complex models and algorithms that lend themselves to prediction; in commercial use, this is known as predictive analytics. These analytical models allow researchers, data scientists, engineers, and analysts to "produce reliable, repeatable decisions and results" and uncover "hidden insights" through learning from historical relationships and trends in the data.

Deep learning (also known as deep structured learning, hierarchical learning or deep machine learning)
is a branch of machine learning based on a set of algorithms that attempt to model high level abstractions in data. In a simple case, there might be two sets of neurons: ones that receive an input signal and ones that send an output signal. When the input layer receives an input it passes on a modified version of the input to the next layer.